Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty
- (1044-ca. 1325)Pagan (Bagan) was a small Burman city-state established on the banks of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River in what is now Mandalay Division in the ninth century CE. After King Anawrahta (r. 1044-1077) became its ruler, he unified Upper and Lower Burma, establishing what is sometimes called the "First Burmese (Myanmar) Empire." Pagan was one of the post powerful states in Mainland Southeast Asia until its invasion by the armies of the Mongol emperor, Khubilai Khan, in the late 13th century. Best known for its thousands of pagodas and temples (pahto), it set the pattern for subsequent Burman and Burmese states, especially its official sponsorship of Theravada Buddhism and the Sangha. Its end is obscure: The last Pagan monarchs, Sawnit (r. 1298-1325) and Uzana (1325), were apparently powerless puppets, and with their passing the Burman capital was established principally at Sagaing (1315-1364) and Ava (Inwa) (1364-1555).Monarchs of the Pagan Dynasty Year of Accession• Anawrahta 1044• Sawlu 1077• Kyanzittha 1084• Alaungsithu 1112• Narathu 1167• Naratheinhka 1170• Narapatisithu 1173• Nantaungmya 1210• Kyaswa 1234• Uzana 1250• Narathihapate 1254• Kyawswa 1287• Sawhnit 1298• Uzana 1325◘ Source: D. G. E. Hall, A History of South-East Asia. London: Macmillan, 1964.Because the near-desert region in which Pagan is located had little agricultural potential, the dynasty was economically dependent on a complex of irrigated rice fields, especially at Kyaukse.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Bagan Dynasty — See Pagan Dynasty … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Pagan — (Bagan) One of the most famous archeological sites in Southeast Asia, comparable to Angkor in Cambodia. It is located on the east bank of a bend in the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River in Mandalay Division. The Pagan region is bounded on the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Pagan Kingdom — The Pagan Kingdom (849 1287) is considered to be the first Burmese empire.During the time of the Pyu kingdom, between about 500 and 950, the Bamar, people of the Burmese ethnic group, began infiltrating from the area to the north into the central … Wikipedia
Konbaung Dynasty — (1752 1885) Sometimes called the Third Burmese (Myanmar) Empire because, like the Pagan (Bagan) and Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasties, it unified the country. Established by Alaungpaya in 1752, it enjoyed a period of military expansion during the … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasty — (1486 1752) Sometimes called the Second Burmese (Myanmar) Empire because, like the Pagan (Bagan) and Konbaung Dynasties, it unified the country. Historians generally divide it into two periods. The first, spanning the reigns of Minkyinyo (r … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
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Introduction — When Burma (Myanmar) achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1948, many observers viewed it with its high standards of education and abundant natural resources as one of the Asian countries most likely to achieve economic… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Mons — One of the major ethnic nationalities of Burma, distinguished by language, culture, and a history of organized states reaching back to the early centuries CE. The Mon language is related to Cambodian (Khmer), but the origin of the Mons is… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Ava (Inwa) Period — (1364 1555) Following the collapse of the Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty at the beginning of the 14th century, central or Upper Burma was in a state of great upheaval as Shans (Tai) from what are now Yunnan Province in China and Burma s Shan State… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Anawrahta, King — (r. 1044 1077) Also known as Aniruddha, the Burman (Bamar) founding king of the Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty and the first unifier of Upper Burma and Lower Burma. He established what is sometimes called the First Burmese (Myanmar) Empire.… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)